“The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. The precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes. The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever; The judgements of the LORD are true; they are righteous altogether. They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold; sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honey comb. Moreover by them Your servant is warned, in keeping them there is great reward.” – Psalm 19:7-11
As we continue in our study of Bibliology we are going to look at a second characteristic of the Word of God which will be the Scriptures Sufficiency. The Sufficiency of Scripture means that, The Scriptures in and of themselves are the Words of God and are perfect to explain who God is to man in a comprehensive way so that that man of God can be complete and adequate for every good work. For the Scriptures to be sufficient means that they are enough, they are able to give us all that we need to live the Christian life here on this earth, not too little and not too much.
In Psalm 19, David pens a beautiful passage that speaks to the absolute sufficiency of the Scriptures. He writes concerning the Word of God and describes it in seven different ways. These seven descriptions of God’s Word leave us sure, beyond the shadow of a doubt that the Lord’s Word is complete and able for everything that we need. Let’s take a look at what this passage says concerning the sufficiency of the Word.
(I) The Law of the LORD is Perfect – Restoring the Soul. David beings by describing the Word of God as perfect. This means that it is without error. (Ps. 119:160) The Word of God is a blameless document, it is without defect or fault. By perfect, David is also communicating that the Word of God is perfect in its completion (Prov. 30:5-6). God’s Word is intact and there is nothing that will be added to it, nor anything that will be taken away from it (Rev. 22:18-19). In its perfection, the Word restores the soul of the believer. The Word is like a stream of water that refreshes those who drink from it (Ps. 23:2-3). To restore the soul, means that you bring it back to its original existence or function. Properly applied to one’s life, the power of the Holy Spirt, through the Word of God brings a man back to how he was created in the beginning: A worshipper of God and not of idols. The soul is restored and is brought back to God through salvation (1 Pet. 3:18)!
(II) The Testimony of the LORD is Sure – Making Wise the Simple. Secondly, the testimony of the Lord is sure. A testimony can also mean; a witness, law, or oath. What the Scriptures are saying to us is that God’s Word testifies that it, in and of itself, is completely sure (1 Pet. 1:19). Surety speaks of reliability and trustworthiness. What God says about His Word is true because the Word of God is true, therefore His testimony concerning His Word is true. Because of the surety of the Word of God and its truth the wise man of this age is made simple (1 Cor. 1:20-25). Why? Because the Word of God confounds those who are wise in their own eyes (Prov. 12:15). The Word of God shows the pride-filled heart how little it knows about God and His ways (Is. 55:8-9). It humbles the proud man and shows him that in fact he is quite simple in regards to the things of the Lord.
(III) The Precepts of the LORD are Right – Rejoicing the Heart. Third, David says that the precepts of the Lord are right. Precepts are commands and rules that are to be followed. God’s precepts are the commands that are contained in His Word. These commands are described as ‘right’. For a command to be right means that it conforms to morality, justice and law. Perhaps the most familiar group of Commands that come from the Lord are the 10 Commandments (Ex. 20:1-17). These commands of God were right, moral, and just. They revealed the character of God to His people, the nation of Israel. When God gives commands He always directs people in the right way and the best way and never leads them or tempts them to sin (Jam. 1:13). Instead, God commands man to, ‘do right and live’, (Gen. 4:7) and not sin, because it only leads to death (Rom. 6:23). The result of having and obeying the commands of God is a heart that can be filled with rejoicing! Following the precepts of the Lord produces righteous living and the natural outflow of a righteous life is joy in the Lord (Prov. 10:28; Ps. 118:15).
Next week we will take a look at the second half of Psalm 19 and continue to lay out a framework of the Sufficiency of Scripture. Even now we can already see how comprehensive the Word of God is, and that it touches on so many parts of life. It is a great joy to know that God’s Word is sufficient and practical for all life and godliness. The words of God explain who God is and equip mankind with an ability to be prepared for every good work.